A machine vision system deals with the complete solution from illuminating the object, capturing the image, processing & analysis of the image, making a decision and passing the results on to the automation controller.
Common machine vision applications include object and position detection, completeness control, gauging and inspection tasks such as surface inspection.
Machine vision is primarily employed in production processes, but is also more and more used in various other fields as a powerful and cost effective way of implementing automatic quality assurance. Even at high speeds and with stringent accuracy requirements, image processing allows 100% monitoring of the manufactured products. Imaging has established itself as a key technology and strengthens the competitive edge of those companies using it.
The term Industrial Image Processing is sometimes used as an alternative to machine vision normally due to the literal translation of texts from other languages.